Get Students to Reflect on the Logical Fallacies in Arguments

Technology has transformed the way our learners share their opinions and argue. Not only do our learners observe arguments daily on their social networks, but they often participate. Our learners need to learn how to argue more intelligently, which is why in my book, Digital Learning Strategies: 10 Ways to Launch EdTech Missions, students are sent on the mission to engage in a thought-provoking online debate with their peers.

When our students want to state their opinions on their social networks, they have access to a worldwide audience. Additionally, most social networks focus on visuals and multimedia versus text. Many social networks limit the number of characters or promote less text. This means our learners have to share complex thinking and feelings about issues in short posts, usually 250 characters or less. Others respond and the debate ensues through comments or additional posts.

If you observe digital debates you will notice the broken logic. Arguments on social media are full of logical fallacies. Our learners need to be able to recognize the broken logic in their arguments in order to reflect on their beliefs and think critically about why they form opinions. The following are resources and activities I share with my students to get them to evaluate logical fallacies in order to complete the mission to Debate the Issues, Don’t Diss People. This would be a Mission Prep activity. After we evaluated some of the resources below, students created logical fallacies using Makebeliefs. See one example below.


  • I created this Frayer Model (download the pdf) for students to explore the logical fallacies resources below. Students worked in small groups to become experts for their assigned logical fallacies and filled out the Frayer Model. Then the groups exchanged their expertise with the other groups who took notes. In each group one student read aloud the definition, another shared the written example, one introduced the visual, and one played the video. The final activity was to create a logical fallacies comic.

  • Check out this playlist of 6 critical thinking videos. Each is short and explains critical thinking and logical fallacies in an engaging way.
  • This video uses clips from Subway commercials to demonstrate different logical fallacies.
  • This video uses clips from the tv show, Friends, to demonstrate logical fallacies.
Visuals and Infographics

Challenge– Encourage students to evaluate the common logical fallacies so that they make stronger arguments.

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Shelly Terrell

Shelly Sanchez Terrell (@ShellTerrell) is an award winning digital innovator, an international speaker/consultant, and the author of Hacking Digital Learning with EdTech Missions, The 30 Goals Challenge for Teachers, and Learning to Go. She has trained teachers and taught English language learners in over 20 countries as an invited guest expert by organizations, like the US Embassy, UNESCO Bangkok, Cultura Inglesa of Brazil, the British Council in Tel Aviv, IATEFL Slovenia, HUPE Croatia, ISTEK Turkey, and Venezuela TESOL. She has been recognized by several organizations and publications as a leader in the movement of teacher driven professional development as the founder and organizer of various online conferences, Twitter chats, and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Two of the projects she co-organized were shortlisted for ELTons, #ELTChat and the Virtual Round Table Language and Technology online conference. She was named Woman of the Year by the National Association of Professional Women, awarded a Bammy Award as a founder of #Edchat, and named as one of the 10 Most Influential People in EdTech by Tech & Learning. Her greatest joy is being the mother of baby Savannah and Rosco the pug. Shelly has an Honors BA in English with a Minor in Communication and a specialization in Electronic Media from UTSA, a Masters in Curriculum Instruction ESL from the University of Phoenix, and a CELTA from CELT Athens. She regularly shares her tips for effective technology integration via Twitter (@ShellTerrell),, and on her blog,, which has won several awards and recognitions as one of the top ESL, Edtech and Elearning blogs. Find over 400 of her slide presentations at

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